MARACUYA

Maracuya (P. edulis f. flavicarpa)

Originally from America. The climatic conditions of this pasiflora are loose soils of sandy loam texture with pH from 4.5 to 5.5 ; a recommended altitude from 0 to 1300 m corresponding to a temperature of 24 to 28 ° C with precipitation of between 1,500 to 2,500 mm per year ( Fischer , 2010 ).

The fruit has medicinal properties for the treatment of cholesterol and ripe fruits to control blood pressure. The leaves of the plant have hallucinogenic properties laxatives, tranquilizers, and worming.

In addition, the root is poisonous and contributes to the antiparasitic action. They are attributed anti-inflammatory properties for the content of C - glycosides flavone and necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system such as serotonin that could cause in deficiency compound diseases of depression, obsessive behaviors , insomnia , migraines and obesity ( Fischer , 2010).
This pasiflora is most commonly used in agribusiness, due to its characteristics as industrial performance based on soluble solids expressed as ° Brix and the percentage of fruit juice. It is also preferred for its acidity helps reduce the aroma of other additives. It is used in the juice industry, jams , pasta , concentrates, essential oils , wines, confectionery, cosmetics , flavoring , medicinal and lately the export of fresh or processed for cocktails or fruit to be used in mixtures in obtaining new refreshing flavors.